OG18 CR 15 2x
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- Question 1 of 7
Most of the year, the hermit thrush, a North American songbird, eats a diet consisting mainly of insects, but in autumn, as the thrushes migrate to their Central and South American wintering grounds, they feed almost exclusively on wild berries. Wild berries, however, are not as rich in calories as insects, yet thrushes need to consume plenty of calories in order to complete their migration. One possible explanation is that berries contain other nutrients that thrushes need for migration and that insects lack.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously calls into question the explanation given for the thrush’s diet during migration?CorrectIncorrect
- Question 2 of 7
A certain cultivated herb is one of a group of closely related plants that thrive in soil with high concentrations of metals that are toxic to most other plants. Agronomists studying the growth of this herb have discovered that it produces large amounts of histidine, an amino acid that, in test-tube solutions, renders these metals chemically inert. Hence, the herb’s high histidine production must be the key feature that allows it to grow in metal-rich soils.
ln evaluating the argument, it would be most important to determine which of the following?CorrectIncorrect
- Question 3 of 7
A new law gives ownership of patents-documents providing exclusive right to make and sell an invention-to universities, not the government, when those patents result from government-sponsored university research. Administrators at Logos University plan to sell any patents they acquire to corporations in order to fund programs to improve undergraduate teaching.
Which of the following, if true, would cast the most doubt on the viability of the college administrators’ plan described above?CorrectIncorrect
- Question 4 of 7
Between 1980 and 2000 the sea otter population of the Aleutian lslands declined precipitously. There were no signs of disease or malnutrition, so there was probably an increase in the number of otters being eaten by predators. Orcas will eat otters when seals, their normal prey, are unavailable, and the Aleutian lslands seal population declined dramatically in the 1980s. Therefore, orcas were most likely the immediate cause of the otter population decline.
Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?CorrectIncorrect
- Question 5 of 7
ln an experiment, each volunteer was allowed to choose between an easy task and a hard task and was told that another volunteer would do the other task. Each volunteer could also choose to have a computer assign the two tasks randomly. Most volunteers chose the easy task for themselves and under questioning later said they had acted fairly. But when the scenario was described to another group of volunteers, almost all said choosing the easy task would be unfair. This shows that most people apply weaker moral standards to themselves than to others.
Which of the following is an assumption required by this argument?CorrectIncorrect
- Question 6 of 7
Delta Products lnc. has recently switched at least partly from older technologies using fossil fuels to new technologies powered by electricity. The question has been raised whether it can be concluded that for a given level of output Delta’s operation now causes less fossil fuel to be consumed than it did formerly. The answer, clearly, is yes, since the amount of fossil fuel used to generate the electricity needed to power the new technologies is less than the amount needed to power the older technologies, provided level of output is held constant.
ln the argument given, the two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?CorrectIncorrect
- Question 7 of 7
Although the discount stores in Goreville’s central shopping district are expected to close within five years as a result of competition from a Spendless discount department store that just opened, those locations will not stay vacant for long. ln the five years since the opening of Colson’s, a nondiscount department store, a new store has opened at the location of every store in the shopping district that closed because it could not compete with Colson’s.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?CorrectIncorrect